Making Liquid Soap

Okay, so we’re back for part two of my soap-making adventure. In the first part, I made solid soap by the cold process, and if you haven’t seen this, you can either click the link on screen or in the description. If you haven’t seen it, It’s not absolutely necessary but I suggest that you do check it out before this one because I refer back to it quite often. Anyway with that being said, I’m going to move on to making liquid soap using the hot process. To do this I’ll be using the exact same oils as I did for the solid soap, except the base will be different. Instead of using sodium hydroxide, I need to use potassium hydroxide.

I’m also going to be using borax, but depending on the recipe that you follow, it’s not always required. As I mentioned in the first part when I made the solid soap, the recipe I’m doing here is just one of thousands, and you really don’t have to do exactly what you see. The oils that I’m using and the proportions that I’m using can be pretty variable, and I strongly urge you to search online and find the recipe that suits you the best. To get things started, all of the oils were transferred to a slow-cooker When all of the coconut oil is added, I turn it on a low heat and I wait for it to melt. In the meantime I prepare a potassium hydroxide solution.

Potassium hydroxide dissolves much quicker in water and it generates quite a bit of heat, so I didn’t dump everything in at once. It only takes about 30 seconds or a minute for everything to completely dissolve. I wait about 10 minutes for all of the coconut oil to completely liquefy, and then I turn off the heating. Then with some decent stirring, I slowly poured in the base solution. The reaction starts the moment the base is added and it quickly takes on this yellow color.

I mixed it up as well as I could with the spoon, but it’s time to move on to the hand blender. With the cold process, the trace point that I stopped at was important because it determined the additives and the designs that I could use. However with the hot process the reaction is much faster, and it doesn’t really work to stop early on. Even if I ended things now and dumped out the entire batch into another container, the heat of the solution would push the reaction forward and it would thicken up quite quickly. So it really makes no sense to stop early, and the goal with the hot process is to just keep going until it’s a thick trace. The difference between the hot and the cold process is a good example of how heat speeds up reactions.

In the cold process where it’s done at room temperature, it takes about two weeks to go to completion, whereas the hot process only takes a few hours. What’s kind of cool is that there’s a rule of thumb in chemistry where many chemical reactions at room temperature will double the reaction rate for every 10 degrees Celsius increase. The low setting of my slow cooker is about 95 °C which is 70 °C above room temperature. If a doubling occurs every 10 °C, then in theory I should have about seven doublings. With each doubling the reaction time is cut in half, so we can instead think of it as seven halvings in terms of time. In two weeks there are 336 hours and after seven halvings we get to around 2.6 hours.

Considering that the overall reaction here is usually around three to four hours, this is actually pretty accurate. Anyway, once we get to a very thick trace like you see here, the lid is put onto the slow cooker and the heat is turned to low. From this point on it’s pretty simple, and I just need to return every 30 or 40 minutes and give it a good mixing. I need to do this over the course of three or four hours, and throughout this period the soap goes through several different stages. It initially gets a little bit more watery, but then it starts to harden up.

The intermediate stages aren’t super important and the only one that you really need to recognize is the last stage which kind of looks like petroleum jelly. The reaction that’s happening here is the exact same as when I made the solid soap. I’m using a strong base to hydrolyze the ester bonds and split the fatty acids from the glycerol backbone.

The major difference here, besides the heating, is the base that I’m using. Because it’s potassium hydroxide, I’m making potassium fatty acid salts instead of sodium ones. This is one of the major key factors for making liquid soaps. The potassium salted fatty acids tend to be softer and more water-soluble, so they’re easier to be made into a liquid form.

Compared to the recipe in the last video, I also have two other major differences: I’m using much more coconut oil, and I’m also using an excess of base. More coconut oil is used here because it has a lot of shorter fatty acids which tend to form a better lather. A lot of liquid soaps incorporate coconut oil specifically for this purpose.

I’m also using an excess of base here to make sure that the reaction goes to completion However, this does mean that there’s a little bit of base left over in the end Some people don’t really care about this, but it can lead to skin irritation Luckily though because I’m making liquid soap, it can be pretty easily neutralized With solid soap there’s no easy way to neutralize it, so we need to use less than is needed to make sure that it’s all consumed. Eventually, after a few hours I get to this very thick and somewhat translucent paste. If I was making solid soap by the hot process, it would look very similar, and at this point I’d be pretty much done. I’d make sure the pH is below 10, turn off the heat, dump in some additives, and then shove everything into a mold. However, because I’m making liquid soap, there are a few extra steps. To test if it’s done, I weighed out a random amount of soap which was about 11 grams Then I added two times its weight in boiling water and try to dissolve everything.

It took a while, and it was honestly a pain but eventually everything dissolved, and I was left with a nice and nearly clear solution which means that it’s done. If it looks like this, or worse, it should be cooked for another thirty minutes, and then checked again. One of the old methods to test if it was done was to literally just taste the soap.

If there’s a lot of base left over it tastes bitter and apparently gives a zapping feeling on the tongue. I’ve personally never tried this, but I recommend not tasting it and just doing the test I showed before. Anyway, my soap is done, so it’s time to scoop it out.

With only a little bit of difficulty, everything was transferred to a large plastic container. I try to clean up the slow cooker as best I could, but there’s inevitably going to be some that remains stuck inside Then to the soap base, I added 1.2 liters of boiling distilled water. Now for the fun part where I get to try to dissolve all of the soap. It was honestly a pretty big pain and at some point, I felt like it was never going to happen. Some people find that just leaving it overnight and letting it soak in the water can soften things up and make it a lot easier. However, I was impatient so I decided to just brute force it.

The amount of water that’s added here really depends on the dilution level that you’re looking for. If we add up all of the ingredients that I used, we get a total mass of around 1300 grams. So with 1200 milliliters of water the concentration of soap is going to be a little bit above 50%.

I think I pushed the limit a little bit too much because not everything dissolved, and I had to add another hundred mL’s of boiling hot water. They seemed to do the trick and I was able to dissolve everything. So the next thing that I need to do, is to determine whether I need to add some sort of neutralizing agent to get rid of any excess potassium hydroxide. I went ahead and tested the pH, and it came out to be around 9.7 which is probably more than fine, but some people like to lower it closer to around 9.2. In the end though, I don’t think it really makes a huge difference and I’d say the only time that you definitely need to do something about it, is if it’s above 10.

Anyway in my case, I decided I would lower it anyway, and to do this I’m going to use borax. So to a beaker I weighed out 25 grams of borax, and then I poured in 70 milliliters of distilled water. The borax didn’t fully dissolve in the water, but it’s not really a problem as long as there’s no large chunks floating around. Borax isn’t the only thing that can be used here, and it’s common to use other things like citric acid.

The major benefit of borax though, is that it also acts as a thickening agent. With some soaps, even when they’re quite concentrated they can still be a little bit liquidy, and borax can help out with this. It’s also useful if you want to dilute the soap even more, but you don’t want it to be too thin. The borax solution was added in small portions with a lot of stirring in between. At this point the process for making the soap itself is done, and I can now put in some additives if I want.

I could have put in fragrances like cinnamaldehyde or benzaldehyde, but I decided to do something a little bit different. I thought it might be cool if my soap fluoresced, so I dissolved a bunch of fluorescein into water. It turned out that the solution I made was way too concentrated because the small amount that I added here was more than enough. With a little bit of stirring it quickly dissolves and now I have some fluorescent green soap.

It’s important to note though, that if the soap is meant to wash hands or skin, it’s not a good idea to add fluorescein. It doesn’t do anything terrible, but it can be a little bit irritating. I’m using this soap just to wash my glassware though, so it’s not really a big deal. When I’m done mixing in the fluorescein, I put a lid on top of the container and now I wait about a week.

Because I had so much extra fluorescein solution, I decided to play with it a little instead of just dumping it. When it’s poured into water, it can have a pretty cool effect. I’ve actually made fluorescein in the past, and for those of you who are curious I’ve provided a link in the description. Fluorescein fluoresces strongly under UV light, so it’s always cool to check it out under a blacklight. Anyway, this is totally irrelevant to the video and I’m going to get back to the main thing.

Over the course of a week it clears up a bit and any solid material that’s present sinks to the bottom The soap here has a slight orange color because I added a little bit too much fluorescein. In my case though, there weren’t really any solids that came out, so I didn’t have to filter anything. All I did was just pour everything into a proper storage container that I got from Walmart. I also got a soap dispenser, so I went ahead and filled it up.

Now I head over to the sink. I put a little bit into my hands and I try to lather it up. Because I didn’t use too much coconut oil, the lather is honestly not that great, but in general the soap worked pretty well.

As I said before though, the fluorescein in it isn’t great to put on your hands so they were a little bit irritated after this. Anyway at this point, I think I’m done making soap. This is all of the soap from both videos, and I’m honestly pretty proud of what I made. A s I mentioned in my first video, I’m going to be giving away some of the bars of soap, and if you want to enter the contest you can check out the link in the description.

A big thanks goes out to all of my supporters on Patreon. Anyone who supports me will see my videos 24 hours before I post them to YouTube, and they’ll also be able to directly contact me. Anyone who supports me with $5 or more will also get their name at the end of the video like you see here. In the very last shot of my video here, I want to start including music. I don’t really want the typical royalty-free stuff, and I’d rather support some artists with some free advertising.

So if you’re interested, just send me an email or contact me on Twitter, and if I like what I hear I’ll include it.

Taunting and Mind Games

This is called Teabagging, and it’s a way to disrespect your opponent when they’re down or stunned Though you kind of have to use your imagination in Street Fighter because it doesn’t look as convincing as it does in First Person Shooters. On his journey to winning Capcom Cup 2016 and bringing home $230,000 NuckleDu teabagged his opponents in game during crucial matches to get in their heads and compromise their gameplay. Commentator 1 – “Boom! Stun!” Commentator 2 – “I, We are seeing- Oh my God!”

Commentator 2 – “NuckleDu!” In fighting sports you see taunting all the time, and some of the greatest fighters have used it to throw off their opponent’s mental game. It’s no different in fighting games, but as you’d expect people react to it in different ways. Some will laugh it off, Some will taunt back, And of course, some will get pissed off. Taunting has such a powerful effect on people that the Killer Instinct World Cup considered banning teabagging because an incident escalated to death threats on Facebook. Of course this caused a debate in the FGC (fighting game community) about the lack of E-Sportsmanship But what I found was interesting about this whole thing was the inherent power of pressing down a bunch of times A stunned opponent is usually an opportunity to build meter by whiffing attacks But more and more players seem to prefer doing some mental damage here instead Arguments in favor of taunting usually involve how they’re an integral part of mind games.

But to know what that means, it helps to know how mind games work. Two major components of mind games are conditioning and emotional influence Conditioning is when you make your opponent behave in a certain way so that later you can bait them into doing something, Commentator 1 – “And the Counter Breaker! It’s huge!”

Commentator 2 – “Wow, great call!” or scare them into doing nothing Commentator 1 – “From Phenom at just the right time, here we go, command throw!” Commentator 1 – “Another command throw!” Commentator 2 – “Ohh, I feel like this is, Commentator 1 – “ANOTHER command throw!”

Commentator 2 – “something Phenom loves to do!” Commentator 2 – “The fourth one, you never know- Commentator 1 – “YES THERE IT IS, THE FOURTH ONE!” In psychology, the 2 major types of conditioning are classical conditioning and operant conditioning Classical conditioning is when a stimulus is able to trigger our reflexes like when Pavlov’s dog learned to salivate just by hearing a bell. Or when a child cries at the sound of her father putting ice cubes in a glass. Operant conditioning is when we use rewards and punishment to control someone’s decision making Which is awesome for competitive gaming In the 1930’s psychologist B. F. Skinner showed that he can control the voluntary behavior of rats and pigeons with an invention he made called the Skinner Box If a pigeon produced a desired behavior like pecking a red disk, it would be rewarded with food which would increase the chance of repeat behavior.

This is called reinforcement If the test subject failed to do something, it might receive an electrical shock which would obviously decrease the chance of repeat behavior This is simply called punishment Operant conditioning is so effective, it’s actually been used to train pigeons how to recognize signs, play ping-pong, and distinguish impressionist paintings from cubist paintings, I kid you not. We can see this learning process when people use special moves in a fighting game For example, Nash’s EX Moonsault. If the moves hits your opponent, you are likely to use it again If the move gets punished or is not very effective, you’ll be less likely to use it This simple fact of conditioning is why people spam moves, if it works and you don’t know how to stop it, expect to see the move again and again But as frustrating as this is, there’s nothing more gratifying than finding a counter in training mode and punishing that spammer in a real match Commentator – “-and he wanted to get close! The parry! The parry!”

So this is how conditioning works, but how can you use it on your opponent and make them your pigeon? Luckily, pro gamer Xian imparted some excellent advice on Twitter for grapplers regarding conditioning Beginner Zangief players are often tempted to use their most powerful move, the Spinning Piledriver, as soon as they get close to their opponent The problem is that your opponent might avoid it by jumping straight up, also known as a neutral jump This makes your move completely miss and leave you wide open for a devastating combo that’ll do about 300 damage to you or more If you land the Spinning Piledriver, you will only do about 200 damage to them. As you can see, this is not in Zangief’s favor So how do you get your opponent to stop neutral jumping when you get close? One way is to simply punish them for doing it.

When you get in close, instead of going for the Spinning Piledriver, try something else, like the safer but less damaging normal grab. There’s no spinning involved but you still get to bury your knee in their colon so, not a bad option. But more importantly the normal grab lets you recover much quicker if you miss That means if your opponent neutral jumps to avoid it, you’ll be able to punish them on their way down with a lariat, elbow, credit card swipe, or whatever Do this enough times and they’ll be conditioned to stop neutral jumping and go for the safer option, back jumping Now the next time you go for the Spinning Piledriver up close, they’ll likely back jump instead of neutral jump, making them unable to harm you Getting your opponent to back jump to escape is an integral part of the grappler archetype And many of them have moves designed to catch people doing just that Commentator 1 – “Give him another hand!” Commentator 2 – “OOOOOOOOooooooohhhhhh!!” Commentator 2 – “Alex Valle! Grabbing him!

With the Ultra 2!” Commentator 1 – “Oh! My- One of the defining characteristics of a character’s playstyle is what kind of emotion they can make the opponent feel, and that’s because emotions can affect your decision making in different ways You might have guessed it, but the grappler archetype is designed to incite fear Fear makes you less likely to take risks, which explains why a good grappler will make you want to scramble and escape But what’s interesting is that the same study that showed how fear makes you take less risks showed that anger had the opposite effect Anger actually resembled happiness and optimism in that it made you more likely to take risks Angry people have even been found to be less worried about terrorist attacks, and more optimistic about marrying someone wealthy Just like when you do bold thing when you’re feeling yourself, anger has a similar effect This explains why being angry can sometimes help you win Commentator – “Rare footage of Daigo actually angry.” But you can probably see why getting angry is not a sustainable strategy, especially if that’s what your opponent wants you to do Just like how there are characters designed to induce fear, there are ones that are designed to purposefully anger and frustrate your opponent causing them to take more risks The classic example would be Guile or any zoner. The goal here traditionally is to keep your opponent away from you as much as possible until they get frustrated and start to do risky advances like jumping at you or pushing forward recklessly When you’ve successfully killed their patience, you can make them literally run into your punches Commentator 1 – “He escaped the situation. Oh my God!

Ohhh noooo!” Commentator 2 – “Oh… OHHHH HE TOOK IT!” Commentator 2 – “NuckleDu!

With the triple fierce!” And this is why I think NuckleDu is such a strong player, his 2 main characters are Guile and R. Mika, a zoner and a grappler On the surface, it seems like his multi-character arsenal is to cover up bad character match ups But having characters that provoke radically different emotions is invaluable for the player match up He demonstrated this at Capcom Cup 2016, when he used Guile on MOV, and Mika on Ricki Ortiz Both who specialize in the same character; Chun-Li Fear and anger are just 2 examples of basic emotions, but where it gets interesting is when you think about how many complex emotions there are and how they all affect our decision making in different ways. How do we feel when we are playing desperate, outnumbered, or depressed Commentator 1 – “…that I can think of for… yeah, he’s… Commentator 1 – “Oh, Plup.”

Commentator 2 – “Not like this.” Or how about when we are feeling humiliated? Commentator 1 – “This man is disrespecting you!

Ohhh!” Commentator 2 – “Definitely.” Commentator 1 – “And he’s… Stop it, please!” Commentator 2 – “Stop!” Commentator 1 – “Balls is touching the, is touching the grid right now.”

Commentator 2 – “I believe- ” Commentator 1 – “Ohhhhhhh!” Commentator 2 – “Woooooooow.” Taunting evokes a cocktail of different emotions, but humiliation is one of its main ingredients Like zoners and grapplers there ‘s actually an archetype for humiliation. The joke character.

Designed to be silly and low tier, one of the joke character’s strengths is the ability to put the burden of winning on your opponent, even if they’re the underdog Commentator 1 – “Now he has the crowd behind him.” Commentator 2 – “Now he has the crowd on his side.” But the joke character is just a joke, right? Psychiatrist Neel Burton has described humiliation as, ‘assert(ing) power over (someone) by denying and destroying (their) status claims.’ Ohaifrancy – “What was going through your head during your match with MikeandIke?”

A4 Punk, “I mean, I knew I was gonna win I just… he, he like to talk a lot of trash about me and I got to put the kids in they place.” Ohaifrancy, “But what is your opinion on teabagging in fighting games?” A4 Punk, “I mean, I don’t know, I don’t think there anything wrong with it, but you know I had to teabag him, I gotta show him who’s the alpha. Some people are surprised to hear that teabagging could bother anyone when they’re already playing a murder simulator. It’s actually not that surprising when you consider the fact that teabagging isn’t even allowed in activities where actual killing is common and expected I’m of course talking about war. The founder of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant, created a humanitarian moral code for warfare known as Geneva Conventions, which has been agreed upon by 196 nations.

These essentially became the rules of war, which prohibit things like torture, and pretending to surrender But one line that’s repeatedly mentioned prohibits ‘Outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating or degrading treatment.’ Maybe war has gotten too ESports, but it shows there’s worldwide acknowledgement that even when we’re killing each other, we must protect each other’s dignity A study in 1973 has famously shown that people cited public speaking as a common fear more often than death The fear of humiliation is real, and the reason why taunting is so effective, is because you can simultaneously put that fear into your opponent and use it as a punishment NuckleDu completely stopped doing reversal flash kicks in mix-up situations for the rest of the set. If you look at the culture of fighting games or fighting sports, the building of status and the destruction of is everywhere to be seen. You see it in pre-match trash talk, Mike Tyson – “I’m the best ever, I’m the most brutal and vicious, and most ruthless champion there has ever been.” Post game win quotes, and of course, during the match as well. It seems like a complete disregard for sportsmanship, but there are some unwritten rules Attacks on status are tolerated and even encouraged as long as they don’t target someone of far lesser skill, and as long as the disrespect pertains to each other’s skill in the game.

Part of being a fighter is how well you can respond to attacks on your confidence, which is why we admire the mental composure of people like Bruce Lee, or Momochi Marn – “Who?” Mike Ross – “Momochi.” Marn – “Who?”

When people are tested we can see their true personalities, and the personalities are arguably what keep us coming back to watch these games As long as we can still shake hands, cancel into fist-bump, and say good game I think we’ll be fine Let me know in the comments how you feel about taunting. This was Gerald from Core-A -Gaming, thanks for watching and if you would like to support these videos click the link to our Patreon. Either way the videos will stay free forever THIS IS FREE!

London – Top Things To Do

Cheerio, welcome to London. We are in a happening city and I cannot wait to cruise around and head outside. Check outside some castles, and of course Stonehenge.

– And I’m really excited to dive into the history of rock ‘n’ roll music, and have a little afternoon tea. – A little cup of tea, little cup of tea. But there’s a lot to see here, and in order to do it we need to head out right now. – [Man] London is one of those cities that just gives you energy.

You see these black cabs everywhere in London, but actually to get in one and cruise around is such a fun feeling. – [Woman] I didn’t realize until I got here how much music came out of London. And it’s absolutely incredible to be around this. See those people crossing the road? ^That is Abbey Road. – Perfect time to roll up on Westminster Abbey.

^I love hearing those bells, this is incredible. ^This is Windsor Castle. It actually is the largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world, and it’s cool to think that people still live here. And what I just saw was the Changing of the Guard.

^It’s something that you only see like ^on TV and on the news, ^and you come here like wow, these guys really do this. – Do we have any Harry Potter fans here tonight? – It is time to check out film locations from Harry Potter.

This is so cool, I didn’t know this existed in real life. Platform 9 3/4 is where Harry Potter and all of his buddies would push, boom! and magically go through the wall.

– I’m now at the Tower of London and this place is gigantic. This is your proper medieval castle, and you can imagine what it used to be like. That castle is very impressive, and now it’s time for a little cruise down the river. ^Going down the River Thames and ^this place is amazing. All the major sights are all along this river.

^- The London Eye is the granddaddy ^of all the Ferris Wheels. You don’t even really feel like you’re moving. You feel kind of like you’re floating. Then all of a sudden you’re at the very top, and you can see miles and miles away. Bath is the quintessential English town. It has so much to see and do.

^The Roman Baths are absolutely stunning. ^These are actually the best preserved baths in the entire world, and they are incredible. You can actually try some of the water that comes from the spring.

Cheers! ^(upbeat music) ^- Afternoon tea is such a great tradition. You’re having this tea with sandwiches and pastries. It’s kind of this relaxing way to spend your afternoon ^and it’s kind of a little pick-me-up.

^- Stonehenge is definitely a magical place. It’s beautiful, it’s creative, it’s everything. You know what?

I hope they never figure out what it’s all about. I like that it’s a mystery. What an incredible place. – [Woman] This trip has been amazing.

– We’re coming back, right? – Yes, and we are gonna miss it a lot. – Oh, we’re gonna miss London so much. – [Woman] You will absolutely love this city.

MLB Betting Picks

Hi guys this is Vernon Croy for Thursday April 26, 2018 I’ll get to your free Sports pick in just a moment. First of all, make sure you do yourself, your bankroll a favor subscribe to my youtube channel right now, you’ll get an instant notification every time I post a free pick Youtube subscribers also get out the 15 bonus free picks per week.  I’m coming off another wedding day over all Thursdays. We went 3 and all of my premium plays.

We cashed my 7-unit and they tell total play hands down with the Boston Bruins Toronto Maple Leafs, flying over the post total. We cashed my 7-unit play and we cast my for 2-unit Major League Baseball play, I’m currently on a dominating 14 and for all sports rod and cashing at seventy. Eight percent. Last six days overall will make my hundred dollar clients over 4600 dollars. I have a 78 at Major League Baseball play going here, Thursday, I’m on a five and one Major League Baseball run, make my hundred dollar clients over $ 1,400, make sure you get on my seven unit. Also make sure to try your luck here:

Major League Baseball play for Thursday right now exclusively at Doc’s ports calm. I also have a very strong 60 in NHL play going here, Thursday night, I’m the number one NHL expert in the country. This season get it right now exclusively at Doc’s ports, comm, I’m nine and one. My last canon HL plays as we did drop. My NHL series play on the Toronto Maple Leafs last night, make sure you get that plays well exclusively at Doc’s ports.

Calm. Your free Sports pick for Thursday April 26, 2018 we’re taking the Boston Red Sox and Toronto Blue Jays to go under the post total of eight. The Red Sox have hit just 211 as a team lifetime against Estrada with just four home runs over 213 total at-bats and the Blue Jays have hit just 225. Is team lifetime against sale with the on-base percentage of just 271, then the over-under is oh and four. For the Red Sox in their last, four games played in Toronto.

So once again, your free Sports pick for Thursday April 26, 2018 we’re taking the Boston Red Sox and Toronto Blue Jays to go either totally late and make sure that you get on my huge seventeen at major league baseball play that goes here Thursday night. I’M on a five in one Major League Baseball run, make my hundred-dollar clients over $ 1,400. Make sure that you also get on my sixteen NHL play. I’M the number one NHL expert in the country this season by a mile make sure that you get that play right now exclusively at Doc’s ports comm.

How To Play Hanabi

Hanabi is a 30 minute game for 2-5 players, in which you work together to recover a disorganized fireworks show. Race the clock to set up the best display you can muster. Take explosive risks in this game of confusion and cooperation. In Hanabi, there are 5 sets of cards from 1 to 5, players are dealt a hand of cards that they must not look at. Hold your cards so that everyone can see them except for you. When you are playing a card, you build one stack for each colour of card.

Each stack must be built from 1 to 5. If you played a card that is already on the table or is not the next in the sequence for its colour, your play is invalid and you lose a fuse token. On their turn, each player must choose to take one of three actions. They can – share a piece of information with another player, discard a card, or play a card.

At the end of the game, your score is determined by adding up the highest card of each colour. The more cards you were able to play, the better your fireworks display will be! When you use your action to share information on your turn, you must take one of the blue clock tokens from the table and return it to the box lid.

You may share information about one other player. You can share about either one specific colour or one specific number. When you do so, you must point to _every_ example in that player’s hand. For example, you can say “You have 2 green cards” or “You have 3 ones”. If there are no blue tokens available you cannot share information this turn.

When you use your action to discard a card, you must announce that you are discarding a card permanently. You can then try to pick a card from your hand that you don’t think will be useful, discard it, and then return a blue clock token from the box lid to the center of the table. Be careful though, because there is only one of each 5 card.

When you use your action to play a card, you must announce that you are playing a card. You can then pick a card from your hand and attempt to add it to the fireworks display. If the card can be added to a display, congratulations! More about hanabi and other games here:

You picked a good card. If the card cannot be added to a display, you must return a fuse token to the box. If the removed the third fuse icon, game over!

If you successfully played a card of value 5, you get a bonus for completing that firework. Return one blue clock token to the table for free! If you played or discarded a card, draw a new card from the draw pile to complete your turn.

Be sure to draw cards so you can’t see what you drew. Once the draw pile runs out, everyone gets one more turn until the game is over. The game can also end if, you lose the third fuse token, thus revealing the explosion, Or if you finish all 5 fireworks displays. At the end of the game, add up the highest value card played for each colour of firework. Were you able to build a legendary display of 25 points? Or were you booed by the crowd with less than 5 points.

Compare your score to the chart in the rule book to see how you fared. To begin the game, shuffle all of the red, green, blue, yellow, and white cards and deal 5 to each player in a 2 or 3 player game, or 4 each in a 4 or 5 player game. Stack the fuse tokens with the explosion at the bottom and the longest fuse token at the top. Place all of the blue clock tokens in the center of the table next to the lid of the box. Once you have mastered the basic rules of Hanabi, check out the alternate variants in the rule book.

We’re Games Explained, and that’s how to play Hanabi.

The Suspicious Retirement Of Michael Jordan

(light bulb buzzing) (whistling and squeaking shoes) – Hello, and welcome to Unsolved Sports Conspiracies, a show where we examine sport’s greatest myths and debate their validity. This week we explore Michael Jordan, AKA the Goat’s departure from basketball to baseball. Was it a decision made on his own volition or were their other factors involved?

– Just blasphemy. – I know we’re talking about the GOAT, we’re talking about the shiny god of basketball, perhaps the man who saved the sport, but you know what, we’re doing the Lord’s work here. – Alright. – So all you Jordan stans sharpen your knives and let’s dig in.

In October 1993, just one day before the start of training camp for the Chicago Bulls 1993, 1994 season, Michael Jordan, widely considered to be the greatest basketball player of all time, announced his retirement from the NBA. The announcement came as quite the shock, considering Jordan was only 30 years old, in the prime of his career, and was dominating the NBA. Jordan was also coming off a three-peat. I think we need to give a little perspective about how insane it was that he moved away from basketball at the prime of his career. And one day before training camp. I think we should also put into perspective if this was in the age of Twitter, Twitter would explode if Lebron decided, “You know what?

“Just won three in a row, time to hang it up.” – [Zack] It’s like a, “Screw you, guys. “I’m outta here, you can’t do anything about it.” – Phil Jackson’s looking at his playbook, all of them just have a triangle with ‘Jordan’ written in the middle of it. Following his NBA retirement, Jordan went on to play professional baseball with the Birmingham Barons, a AA Southern League team, to mixed results, never achieving a spot in the Major Leagues as Jordan had planned.

Then, on March 18th, 1995, Jordan announced he was returning to basketball by sending out faxes via his agent, David Falk, with a two-word quote from Jordan, quote, “I’m back,” end quote. Just reading that gave me chills. – That’s incredible. – [Ryan] Just 17 months after his retirement, Jordan returned to play out the rest of the season with the Bulls and, as many of you know, would later go on to achieve a second three-peat in the year 1998 before he retired for good. Those are the facts, but what has puzzled many is the why.

Why leave a sport when you’re at the top? Especially when you consider the fact that Jordan is famous for being intensely competitive, taking pleasure in not just beating his opponents, but dominating them. One possibility was to honor his father. Tragically, at the time of his first retirement, Jordan was in mourning after the recent murder of his father, James Jordan, that had occurred less than three months prior. The murder was said to be the result of a robbery gone wrong. Michael had been very close with his father throughout his career and James Jordan was an avid baseball fan who reportedly had said he wished Michael had been a baseball player.

– [Zack] That makes sense to me. His dad was a baseball guy, always wanted Jordan to play baseball. His dad passes away and he’s like, “You know what?

“I need to honor my dad.” I think that is a huge factor in the whole reason why Jordan went on to play baseball. – [Ryan] And I know I’m pushing the conspiracy here, but I gotta say, that’s a pretty good explanation. I would want to honor my pop if he wanted me to play baseball.

– [Zack] Now I will say it’s a little fishy just because you are the greatest basketball player. Like, people are already considering him one of the greats after his first three championships. – [Ryan] In a weird way, though, it almost added to his legend and lore. Like, now the debate is how many would he have won. – [Zack] Seven or eight. – [Ryan] Another possibility was that Jordan simply wanted to try different things, perhaps bored by his steady dominance of basketball.

Jordan said during his retirement press conference, quote, “I’ve always stressed to people that have known me “and the media that has followed me that when I lose “the sense of motivation and the sense of “to prove something as a basketball player, “it’s time for me to move away from “the game of basketball,” end quote. Jordan reportedly did not want his NBA career to fade out and, according to his teammates, had been talking about the possibility of retirement for some time. He was so dominant that he was able to say, “I’m bored of this, I’m gonna move on to something else,” and nobody was like, “(beep) you, Mike.” – [Zack] Well, once again, I still think it was a sigh of relief for all the NBA when Jordan left. – Well, that’s what I’m saying, that’s the point I’m making.

If we were playing pick-up and we’d won six games in a row and we went, “You know what? “Competition isn’t good here, you all bore me. “It’s time to leave and go to a better park.” – I think that the players that you’re playing pick-up with, they’re mad because they’re like, “No, we wanna stay on the court, we wanna play these guys.” – I realize I just casually made a comparison between me and Zack Evans to Michael Jordan, I realize that, but it was for the sake of an example.

– It will also happen four to five more times in this episode. – Because it’s an easy comparison to make. – Easy, easy, I’ve been called the Michael Jordan of things before.

– If I was a foot taller, you’d read about me in the history books. (laughing) That being said, some have theorized that Jordan’s abrupt departure from basketball and his subsequent return so soon afterward was a coverup to hide a gambling suspension and that it was in the best interest of the NBA to keep this quiet to maintain the image of the league and its star player. Let’s get in to the conspiracy. Before we get into this, I gotta say I am as big a Jordan fan as most of you out there, but to establish this conspiracy, we do kind of need to establish that he liked gambling. I may say some things that a lot of you out there don’t want to hear.

– [Zack] Yeah, just ’cause he spends, you know, $100,000 in a night just for no reason. – [Ryan] I don’t think he’s a bad person. You know what, it’s Monopoly money to him. I don’t give a (beep), he’s an adult. Do what you want with it, it’s your money. – Michael Jordan was the NBA, right?

So I understand if you were going to suspend him, you would maybe wanna keep it quiet, but there is so much trust in that, knowing that David Stern, the commissioner of the NBA at the time, being like, “Hey, here’s our great idea, Mike, “you’re gonna fake retirement and go play baseball “and we’re just gonna cover this whole thing up, “but really you’re suspended but just don’t tell anyone. “You can be back in a year.” Why would you suspend someone just ’cause he gambles a lot? – Well, it’s good that you asked that because I’m about to get into just how possibly bad this actually was. And once again, Jordan stans, stay out of my mentions. – Stay out of my mentions, @ZackEvans on Twitter.

(laughing) – [Ryan] In May, 1991, during the playoffs against Philadelphia, Jordan used a two-day break in the series to go to Atlantic City, returning at 6:30 AM before attending a 10 AM team workout. Two years later, in May, 1993, Jordan once again took a detour to Atlantic City to gamble in the midst of the Eastern Conference Finals against the Knicks. He was reportedly gambling until around 2:30 AM on a Tuesday morning and returned to New York just ten hours before a game that night. He later explained he made such trips when he was too wound up to sleep.

– [Zack] This is just showing also how good Michael Jordan was, is that he would stay up ’til 5 in the morning in Atlantic City and then just drop 40. – [Ryan] Yeah, (laughing) I know. – That’s my thing, like, it never really affected Jordan. – It’s almost like he was so bored that he felt the need to put challenges against himself. – Yeah, that’s crazy.

– That’s one way to spin it. Another way to spin it is maybe he had a gambling problem. Although Jordan’s penchant for gambling was already established, it was news of his associations with a few specific men that brought his gambling into the media spotlight in the early ’90s. In December, 1991, it came out that Jordan regularly participated in high stakes gambling with a man named James Slim Bouler. – [Zack] I don’t like it, anyone named like Slim, Slick.

– [Ryan] Or if you have little in front of face, like Little Jimmy. – [Zack] And if your name is Little Jimmy, but you weigh 300 pounds. – [Ryan] You don’t (beep) with Little Jimmy. – [Zack] You don’t wanna mess with those guys. – [Ryan] And Jordan messed with them. – [Zack] And Jordan was messing with them.

– [Ryan] Bouler had twice been convicted for cocaine possession and was facing a third charge which, if guilty, would saddle him with a life sentence. He was also charged with money laundering. When investigators seized Bouler’s belongings, they found a $57,000 cashier’s check made out to Bouler and signed by Michael Jordan. – That’s bad.

(laughing) Don’t like that. – Also, once again, not to keep looping back to this, a testament to how good he was at basketball. He was so good that things like this were like, “Eh, let him play.” Jordan explained that the $57,000 was repayment for money Jordan had lost to Bouler betting on golf games, as well as money Jordan borrowed from Bouler to cover debts from poker and other gambling endeavors.

Also that year, on February 19th, 1992, bail bondsman Eddie Dow was shot dead by four men just outside his home in North Carolina. The men who killed Dow robbed him of the roughly $20,000 in cash he had in his briefcase that night, but left the papers inside. Among those papers, police found photocopies of three checks written by Michael Jordan totaling $108,000, funds that were also related to gambling.

– [Zack] No, Mike, come on. How much were, like, NBA players getting paid back then? ‘Cause now they’re signing $120 million contracts. – [Ryan] $108,000 to Steph Curry might as well be (beep) Disney dollars.

In March, 1992, the NBA launched an investigation into Jordan’s gambling. While the league had no rules against gambling in general and Jordan was not under investigation by law enforcement, they wanted to ensure Jordan had not bet on professional basketball games and that his associations would not bring disrepute to the league. – [Zack] Okay, say he was betting on basketball games. 90% of, like, crooked people in professional sports who would bet on it, they would bet on their team to lose and they would throw the game. – [Ryan] Yeah, they would shave points.

– [Zack] Where Jordan would do the opposite. He would bet on the Bulls to win and just go out and ball out. – [Ryan] Yeah, he’s like, “Bet on me, I’m dropping 50.” – [Zack] Yeah. – [Ryan] A three-week investigation turned up no evidence of wrongdoing on Jordan’s part and was laid to rest with a promise from Jordan that he would no longer associate himself with high stakes gamblers. There you go, he didn’t do anything wrong.

– [Zack] He’s clean, he’s like, “Hey, I have some shady friends.” I feel like that’s everybody. – [Ryan] Then on June 3rd, 1993, Richard Esquinas, a former general manager of the San Diego Sports Arena, alleged that he and Jordan had gambled on golf games for years and that Jordan had racked up a debt of 1.25 million, which, according to Esquinas, was negotiated down to $300,000. In an interview with Connie Chung, Jordan denied Esquinas’s figure of 1.2 million and claimed he only ever owed him $300,000.

– If Michael Jordan owes you 1.2 mill, you’re not gonna negotiate down to 300,000. Almost a million dollars less, $900,000 less. – Yeah, yeah, yeah. – Also, Michael Jordan’s good at golf. – [Ryan] The NBA launched a second investigation shortly after Esquinas made news with his allegations, but just a week and a half after Jordan’s October 6th retirement, NBA commissioner David Stern announced that the investigation was concluded and Jordan was cleared, which some point to as evidence of the conspiracy theory. You get that, right?

He says he’s going to retire and then suddenly Stern comes in and goes, “He’s clear. “The investigation proved nothing.” Could be coincidence.

– Man, slippery Stern. Let me just say, he did great things for the NBA. (laughing) – [Ryan] Jordan’s wording during his retirement announcement has been examined as possible evidence that Jordan made a secret deal with David Stern. In the conference Jordan said, quote, “Five years down the line, “if that urge comes back, if the Bulls have me, “if David Stern lets me back in the league, “I may come back,” end quote, the key part being, “If David Stern lets me back into the league.”

– [Zack] “If Stern let’s me back in,” what do you mean if, you’re Michael Jordan. Imagine even, like, let’s say the Bulls before Michael Jordan got there, how much they were worth and then after the three championships how much they were worth. – [Ryan] Yeah, I get the point you’re making. You’re saying, like, if he’s essentially saved the league, why is Stern then nickel-and-diming him over this (beep), like, gambling thing when in reality he can just keep raking in the cash.

And if Stern’s real interest is saving the league, why not just let him play? – But if he did, say, suspend Jordan, right, and gave him a secret suspension, you let Jordan leave for a year and come back, all of a sudden those gambling problems magically disappear. – Time heals everything. – You could walk up to Michael Jordan right now and say, “I’ll bet you $1,000 that I could beat you “in a footrace from here to that door–” – Do you think you could, 50-year-old Michael Jordan?

Let’s make it happen, I think I could too. – Yeah, MJ. – I’m calling you out, Mike. That being said, Stern insisted there was no connection between this investigation and Jordan’s retirement, stating, quote, “As far as the NBA is concerned, “Michael Jordan did nothing wrong and I resent “any implications to the contrary,” end quote. I don’t trust this man.

– Here’s the real conspiracy, and it’s the movie Space Jam. – Okay. – Someone pitched him the idea, the script for Space Jam, and it was a little soft, “Why would I do this? “It’s just I’m gonna go save the Looney Tunes?”

And they go, “Here it is. “You retire from the NBA and go play baseball. “We write this into the script.” It was all a marketing ploy for the movie Space Jam ’cause the Space Jam movie does not work without him retiring and coming back. – I think it’s incredibly stupid.

– Tell me it’s not crazy. – Oh, it’s crazy. – I’m just saying you saying that there is some weird secret suspension is crazier than me saying that it was all marketing for a movie that was a smash hit. I don’t think that gets talked about. Like, Michael Jordan just opened up his entire life. Him retiring, the whole reason why he comes back, for a movie with Looney Tunes.

– [Ryan] Over the course of his storied career, Michael Jordan has managed to astound the public at every turn, inspiring legions of fans, including myself. The question of why perhaps the greatest basketball player of all time left the sport only adds to the legend and will remain unsolved. (suspenseful instrumental music)

How To Sign Up at a Casino

Thank you for joining me today as we make history and sign you up at the online casino of your choice. And not to worry, it’s so easy and straightforward, there’s no way you can screw it up. That is, unless you’re my mom. Hey mom!

Step One: find the casino that’s right for you. Some casinos, like Betway, are “instant play” – meaning you don’t need to install software on your computer to play them. Rather, you play completely online. To sign up for these types of casinos, click on the button on the homepage that says either “Sign Up”, “Open Account” or “Play Now.” The site will prompt you to create an account with a unique username, password, valid email address, personal and contact details and preferred language and currency. Then you’ll be asked to accept the Casino policy, but make sure to stay awake reading those Terms and Conditions before you do. Then hit the “Register” button and you have yourself an account! Congrats, I applaud you.

Now, depending on the casino, you can play for fun. Or if you want to hop right on the gravy train, you can place some bets! But, as they say, you need money to make money. So first things first: deposit money into your account. Click the Account tab or Bank button, and then the option to “make a deposit” that follows. You’ll be sent to a secure page, where you can safely choose and pay through your preferred payment option. Your account balance should adjust instantly. Online casinos that are not instant play require you to download their free software. To play these, click the “Download Software” or “Download Casino” button on the casino home page. Then click on the .exe file that appears at the bottom left of your browser and choose “run” when Windows prompts you if you want to run the file. Finally, hit the “install” button, sign into the software with your username and password and you’re good to go. That is IT.

Sign up in less time than it took you to read this article and start raking in the dough in mere minutes! But don’t forget to check back soon for more helpful articles on online casinos. Meanwhile, you may also want to check out Casinoslots for other interesting tips.

How Did Casino Royale Happen?

The original novel was written by Ian Fleming and was published in 1953. The book was a great success in the UK, resulting in the series of books that followed and Fleming sold the film and television rights to this first book early. The first of the adaptation to hit the screen was in 1954. This television play starred Barry Nelson as Bond, although he was a CIA agent.

The rights to the other Bond films were picked by Harry Saltzman and Cubby Broccoli, who started the official film series with Dr No played by Sean Connery. The rights to Casino Royale were picked up meanwhile by Charles K. Feldman. He rejected the idea of making a film with Sean Connery and decided to make it a comedy, released in 1967. The film had David Niven, Peter Sellers and many others but it was a complete mish mash of ideas.

Meanwhile there a dispute continued between Eon, the producers of the Bond films, and Kevin McClory, who had been the producer of Thunderball and whose work on the story is acknowledged on the novels after he could take Fleming to court. McIlroy claimed the rights to produce a rival James Bond series, backed by Sony, who had by now owned the Casino Royale rights. He went to court several times, however, the lawsuit was thrown out and the rights of Casino Royale were sold to MGM, the studio that had backed Eon financially.

Casino Royale made it to the big screen in 2006, and the whole world went ‘Bond crazy’ again. Having Daniel Craig as 007 and Eva Green as Vesper Lynd, the film did prove to be a phenomenal success. Vesper Lynd was the best Bond girl in all years. In Casino Royale she wore an Algerian Love Knot given to her by her lover.Картинки по запросу Casino Royale

Casino Royale stands as an oddity when compared to the other James Bond films because of the way in which it was finally made to the screen in 2006. It was the first book of the series, written by Ian Fleming. However, the producers of the official James Bond series had been unable to secure the rights of it. The reason for this was because Fleming had sold the television and film rights of the book back in 1954 and when the remaining of the films rights was sold, they did not include Casino Royale.

The rights to the other Bond films were picked by Harry Saltzman and Cubby Broccoli, who started the official film series with Dr No played by Sean Connery. The rights to Casino Royale were picked up meanwhile by Charles K. Feldman. He rejected the idea of making a film with Sean Connery and decided to make it a comedy, released in 1967. The film had David Niven, Peter Sellers and many others but it was a complete mish mash of ideas.

Meanwhile there a dispute continued between Eon, the producers of the Bond films, and Kevin McClory, who had been the producer of Thunderball and whose work on the story is acknowledged on the novels after he could take Fleming to court. McIlroy claimed the rights to produce a rival James Bond series, backed by Sony, who had by now owned the Casino Royale rights. He went to court several times, however, the lawsuit was thrown out and the rights of Casino Royale were sold to MGM, the studio that had backed Eon financially.

Thus, even if an Algerian Love Knot didn’t appear in the novel, for a faithful adaptation of Casino Royale on the big screen it took a long time. Casino Royale made it to the big screen in 2006, and the whole world went ‘Bond crazy’ again. Having Daniel Craig as 007 and Eva Green as Vesper Lynd, the film did prove to be a phenomenal success.